The Impact Of Globalization On Kenya 's Urban Migration

2179 Words Jan 26th, 2015 9 Pages
Globalization has combined with the sustained growth of urban areas in recent decades to strengthen urban-rural linkages, based on the increased integration of these areas, both spatially and functionally. Central to this process has been rural to urban migration. Nairobi, the capital city of Kenya, has an estimated population of 3.237 million (UN Habitat, 2014). Kenya has a population of 45.5 million, as estimated by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA, 2014). Nairobi, therefore, which has fully one-third of Kenya’s urban population, comprises some 8.4% of the country’s overall population. Between 2000 and 2010, Nairobi had an annual population growth rate of 3.80%, which is projected to rise to 4.23 and 4.36 annually during the 2010-2020 and 2020-2025 periods respectively (UN Habitat, 2014). Nairobi’s sustained growth, at least 40% of which can be attributed to rural-urban migration (Potts, 2009), has posed serious problems for the Kenyan government, which has been powerless to provide adequate housing, employment opportunities, and social services for the burgeoning urban population. This paper will consider the trend of rural to urban migration both generally and with particular regard to Kenya. The inability of the Kenyan and the Nairobian government to provide adequate support and services for this incoming population will then be considered, with especial reference to the shortage of affordable housing and the consequent development of informal…
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