The Impact Of Long Women On Education And Sports

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Forty-three years. That’s how long women have had equality in education and sports. Due to the passage of Title IX, also known as one of the Education Amendments of 1972, it is illegal for educational institutions to discriminate on the basis of sex which includes all academic and extra-curricular programs such as sports. Title IX explicitly gives women equal rights, stating “no person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance” (Ford “Title IX”). The women’s movement during the late 1960s and 1970s succeeded in focusing national attention on the gender based inequalities that restricted the lives of American women. In the past women have been treated submissively and were not allowed much independence. Marriages were arranged and women were expected to be care takers of the household and children. Women did not typically work outside of the home or the domestic sphere. Organizations like the National Organization for Women (NOW) were created to promote civil rights, and with the passage of Title IX, women’s status in society improved. Although Title IX is widely known for initiating equality in women’s sports, its original purpose was to end gender discrimination in education. In fact, the words “athletics” and “sports” are not even stated in the aforementioned amendment. One positive
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