The Impact Of Modern Day Energy On The Environment

1006 Words5 Pages
As the progress of civilization has accelerated, the demand for energy has increased as well. Although energy is absolutely necessary for electricity, transportation and industry, the problem with modern day energy is the excessive use of fossil fuels, which supplies 80% of energy worldwide. Fossil fuels are the leading suppliers of carbon emissions into the atmosphere and are responsible for 82% of all Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions globally, due to human activity (Overview of Greenhouse Gases, 2013). Increasing the percentage of GHG emissions has a negative impact on the atmosphere, where global temperature rises have been witnessed and changes in climates worldwide, which, in turn, affect wildlife, agriculture and people living in coastal areas. Because of predicted population increase in the future, and therefore a predicted increase in the burning of fossil fuels for energy, it is vital to decrease the amount of carbon emissions into the environment through the use of available alternative energy resources in order to save the ecosystem. The United Nations (UN) has proposed a set of goals that would lead to a more sustainable environment, called the Sustainability Development Goals (SDGs). Goal number seven is to guarantee the access to affordable and reliable sustainable energy worldwide by the year 2030. The UN defined certain tasks in order for the main goal to be achieved. The first task (7.1) states that, by 2030, there will be worldwide access to affordable,
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