The Impact Of Roman Military Reforms During The Late Republic

1958 Words8 Pages
The five secondary sources chosen will express their reasonings for the Roman military reforms during the Late Republic. Some sources will only state information of either the Maniple or Cohort organization. All the sources will focus on the impact of the Roman military on its culture and society. Wealth and social hierarchy was the fundamental factor in Roman life. Since the birth of the Roman Republic, Rome established its military on class organization. The Maniple structure of the Roman Military was determined by the age and wealth of an individual. Male Romans without the economic surplus to buy arms would not be omitted into the legions of the Roman Republic. Free male citizens could fight for the honor of defending Rome and their families.…show more content…
The new form of Cohort structure increased the number of recruitable soldiers and extended military service by incorporating the lower classes of Plebeians into the Roman gears of war. Poor free citizens could volunteer and become trained warriors, with arms and armor to equip themselves. The notion of a professional military would be adopted by the Romans, known by modern scholars as the Cohort structure. Gaius Marius would be the Roman general to push for a reform of the old Maniple structure. He would become the primary inspiration for new military organization. The Cohort structure would become the classical legion associated with the Roman Empire. Throughout the Late Republic and Imperial Eras, Rome would expand to encompass the Mediterranean and Western Europe.
In the short book On the Wings of Eagles: The Reforms of Gaius Marius and the Creation of Rome's First Professional Soldiers, by Christopher Anthony Matthew, general Gaius Marius instated reforms and developments which would become the stable of Roman military structure. The main problem Matthew is trying to solve is how much of the Marian reforms have on the military systems of Rome. The
Get Access