The Impact Of Scientific Management Within The Modern Organization

1614 WordsNov 2, 20167 Pages
Management can have a remarkable effect on an organization; that is why management has become a vital part of any organisation, be it local or international. The society relied on group effort continuously, thus organised groups have expanded making the roles of managers important and crucial for the existent of the organisation. Thereby, management theory has become vital in the ways managers manage complex organisations. The first management theory is popularly referred to as Fredrick Taylor’s Scientific Management, also known as Taylorism (Stoner, et al., 2003) This essay discusses the influence of scientific management within the modern organisation, relating to its strengths and weaknesses. Scientific management is an early 20th century school of management, which was primarily concerned with the physical efficiency of an individual worker. This scientific approach is based on the work of the US engineer Fredrick Winslow Taylor (1856-1915). He put forward, the fundamental principles of large-scale manufacturing through assembly line factories, in his book “The Principles of Scientific Management” which was published in 1911. Taylorism emphasizes rationalisation and standardisation through division of labour, time and motion studies, work measurements and piece-rate wages. Strength: Division of labour Fredrick Taylor’s approach to increasing efficiency of work process demonstrated the strength of implementing division of labour within the working line. Division of labour
Open Document