The Impact That Directive Leaders, And Devil 's Advocates

1387 WordsOct 6, 20156 Pages
The purpose of this article was to evaluate the impact that directive leaders, participative leaders, and devil’s advocates can have on group decision making – particularly the overall quality of the final decision, the process of the group decision making, and five groupthink symptoms for decision making groups. Experimenters directly manipulated the style of leadership being applied as well as devil’s advocacy in comparison to previous studies which also separately observed these same aspects of group decision making. This experiment also included measurements of the objective and subjective outcomes of group decision making by including the quality of the decision, the amount of disagreements before a group decision was reached, and any…show more content…
In keeping with this role play, the directive leader revealed his ideal solution to the rest of the group within the first two minutes of the session, discouraged others from providing alternative solutions, stressed the importance of being unanimous, and accentuated his prior experience in scenarios that were similar to the Lost at Sea task. On the contrary, the participative leader’s role was to encourage group member participation and explore various different alternative solutions. The confederate group members assigned to play the role of devil’s advocate were to challenge any solutions that the group leader or other group members presented, remind the group of the significance of the decision making process for choosing the best possible solution, encourage group members to present differing alternatives in response to one another’s offered solutions, and promote the rationalization or substantiation for all solutions presented. In contrast, when the assigned confederate member of the group was not playing the role of devil’s advocate, he did not challenge the solution presented by the leader, did not advocate for any presented solutions, and behaved like any other group member. To complete this study each group was asked to form a group decision based on the Lost at Sea Survival task. This particular task was chosen due to its ability to produce a resolution that can be quantitatively evaluated for group decision quality.
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