The Impact of Education in European, Asian, and Islamic Societies from 900-1300 AD
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“Education is a state-controlled manufactory of echoes.”- Norman Douglas There is much truth to the quote stated above by Norman Douglas, especially during the 900-1300 when industrialization, agricultural innovation, international trade, and religious conquest rocked the European, Asian, and Islamic societies. The quest for unification and cultural/religious spread during this turbulent times were answered by universities that created men of an educated class. Higher education became the state and religion controlled medium to reinforce the agenda of established religious leaders and political authorities. The court Elites and local religious leaders prized education and spend considerable wealth towards establishing and growing it, for…show more content… (Smith, 2012, p. 427) His effort helped him spread religion towards unreached boundaries of the past through faithful followers and the use of vernacular language to connect with local communities ( (Smith, 2012, p. 428). Like the Deli Sultans, the Song emperor in China was also successful in using education to spread Neo-Confucianism ideas through the Civil Service Exams . Education in various regions reflected the religious ideas of prominent religious leaders, thus becoming the metaphorical hand that reached into uncharted territories to “enlighten” the unenlightened.
More than reaching the uncharted depth with “enlightenment” of a philosophical idea however, , higher education also proved to be a powerful tool to spread political unification through propaganda. With the increase in land territory, there was a growing need to find a point of unification for the cultural melting pots that submersed society. Religion was used for such task at one point, but as division began to increase in religious societies like Latin Christendom, higher education became the second chance at unifying a nation. Charlemagne who sought to unify the land under one right religion, proudly supported and closely allied with the spread of education of the one true faith through education. Charlemagne and his predecessors devoted considerable wealth, protection, and emphasis on Classical learning prompted by propagating the one true faith. (Smith,