Essay on The Impact of Lenin on Russia and the Russian People

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The Impact of Lenin on Russia and the Russian People

Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (a.k.a Lenin) was born in 1870, into a middle class family.

In the year 1887 when Lenin was 17 his elder brother Alexandra was executed for conspiring to assassinate the tsar. Lenin who was already well educated and fond of reading and writing was encouraged to enter politics to make changes and to somehow avenge his brothers' death. The long term effects of this were that Lenin would later become one of the great revolutionary leaders of all time.

Lenin begins to study law and the works of Karl Marx. He is then exiled to Siberia by the authorities as he becomes more politically involved. Whilst he is there he
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When Tsar Nicholas II abdicates on March 1st 1917 Lenin is in Switzerland. He is now desperate to return to Russia to help shape the future of the country. He feels that with the tsars' abdication leaving a provisional government in control a revolution will be possible in Russia.

When Lenin returns to Russia on 3rd April 1917 he announces what is known as the 'April Theses'. Lenin's programme was summed up in the words 'Peace, Bread and Land'. Lenin promised the people these things to get them on his side and to appeal to soldiers, workers and peasants. Lenin guaranteed them these things to introduce his party and to encourage them to side with him rather than the provisional government.

The long term affects of this were that once in power Lenin would have to keep his promise to the people.

Lenin and Trotsky formed the Red Guard and set up the Military Revolutionary Committee which planned the October Revolution. The revolution itself was reasonably peaceful. The plan was to storm the Winter Palace but, almost everybody had lost faith in the provisional government and its leader Korensky had already evacuated the capital. Initially the effects of this were that the Bolsheviks came into power, the long term effects were they remained in power for most of the century.

As a direct result of the October Revolution the
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