The Impact of Nazism on the Women in the Years 1918-1945

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The Impact of Nazism on the Women in the Years 1918-1945

Socio-economic factors and the demands of wartime had a greater impact on women in Germany than the Nazi regime. Furthermore, women’s experiences were vicariously influenced through Nazi race or eugenic policy rather than through women’s policy per se. Traditional analysis of German women has concluded that the impacts of Nazism were an increase in birth rate, a return to the domestic sphere and the total suspension of political power. Yet, more recent examinations reveal this conclusion to be mainly based on presuppositions. There was little real impact on the statistics of women in educational institutions, the workforce, nor a significant
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Hitler promised to take 800, 000 women out of the workforce within four years as part of his election campaign in 1932.[23] As the Great Depression had increased unemployment to more than 6 million,[24] promising to remove women was popular. Women were a cheaper option for employers as they were paid at 66% of a man’s wage.[25] Women in service industries were fired if they were married, and after June 1936 women could no longer work as judges or public prosecutors.[26] While the number of women working in industry did fall from 30% to 25% between 1933-1934, female employment went up in other “less depressed” sectors such consumer goods[27] indicating that while women agreed
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