The Impact of Scientific Revolution on Physics as an Independent Field of Study

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THE EFFECT OF SCIENTIFIC EVOLUTION ON PHYSICS AS AN INDEPENDENT FIELD OF STUDY INTRODUCTION The early period of the seventeenth century is known as the “scientific revolution” for the drastic changes evidenced approach to science . The word “revolution” connotes a period of turmoil and social upheaval where ideas about the world change severely and a completely new era of academic thought is ushered in. This term, therefore, describes quite accurately what took place in the scientific community following the sixteenth century. During the scientific revolution, medieval scientific philosophy was abandoned in favor of the new methods proposed by Bacon, Galileo, Descartes, and Newton; the importance of experimentation to the scientific…show more content…
The Scientific Revolution outshines everything since the rise of Christianity and reduces the Renaissance and Reformation to the rank of mere episodes, mere internal displacements within the system of medieval Christianity. ITS EFFECT ON PHYSIC The overarching triumph of the Scientific Revolution was the gradual maturation of the scientific method. This period also witnessed the rise of scientific societies, most notably the Royal Society of London and the Académie des Sciences of Paris.4 At the core of the Scientific Revolution are four astronomers: Copernicus, then Galileo and Kepler, then Newton. The birth of the Scientific Revolution is often traced to Copernicus, who finally refuted the Ptolemaic model with the first convincing model ofheliocentrism.3 This has earned him the title of "father of modern astronomy". In the heliocentric model, the Earth orbits the sun (causing the seasons) and rotates (causing day and night). Yet the model was only gradually accepted, meeting with both scientific and (especially) theological resistance. Theologically, the heliocentric model was considered unacceptable as it diminished Earth's apparent importance in the universe. If Copernicus was right, not only was the Earth not at the centre of everything, it was also a tiny ball of matter in the midst of staggeringly vast space. If the Earth is in constant motion around the sun, then at night the stars should appear to be constantly

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