The Impact of the Indian Removal Act on Eastern Native American Tribes

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The United States expanded rapidly in the years immediately prior to and during the Jackson Presidency as settlers of European descent began to move west of their traditional territories. White settlers were highly interested in gaining Native American land and urged the federal government to allow them to obtain it. President Andrew Jackson encouraged Congress to pass the Indian Removal Act in 1830, which gave the federal government the authority to move consenting eastern Native American tribes west of the Mississippi River. It has been debated whether the Indian Removal Act benefitted or harmed the welfare of Native Americans, and it can be argued that the Indian Removal Act of 1830 had an extremely negative impact on the eastern Native…show more content…
Secretary of War John Eaton informed the Choctaw that they ought to give up their land and relocate west of the Mississippi because there would be no guarantee that the state of Mississippi would not take over their lands if they refused. Neither President Jackson nor the federal government had the right to do this. The legislation gave the president the authority to engage in the negotiation of land trading with Native American tribes, but did not state or imply anywhere that the federal government had the power to take Native American land away by force or threat. Jackson and the federal government behaved corruptly and disregarded the protection clauses listed in the legislation, which did not benefit the Native American tribes who were impacted by it. The rights given to Native Americans under the Indian Removal Act were seldom formally recognized, which led them to be taken advantage of by white settlers without legal discourse or repercussion. Even though it had been written in relocation treaties associated with the act that Native Americans would be protected from white settlers who attempted to take their land, action was rarely taken when this occurred. Jackson told Native American chiefs that he was incapable of protecting

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