The Impact of the Scientific Revolution Essay

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The Impact of the Scientific Revolution

Science began soon after the Birth of Civilization. Man had already learned to tame animals and grow plants. To shape materials like clay and metals to his purposes and even to heal his bodily ailments. We do not know why he did these things because his magic and reasoning are concealed. Only with the second millennium B.C have we learned that there were three elements in man’s attitude to nature, which impacted the growth of the scientific revolution: empirical practice, magic and rational thinking. These same three elements continued to exist in science for many thousand years, until the scientific revolution took place in the 16th through the 18th centuries. Reason, in conjunction with
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This caused astonishment throughout the people because of their lack of knowledge of nature. They believed that the problems of nature were because of their ignorance but they also believed that institutions caused the problems and the only way to reverse this problem was to fix the institutions.

Three important scientists of this era were Tycho Brahe, Galileo and Isaac Newton. Tycho Brahe (1546-1601) determined that the sun was the center of the universe. Galileo (1564-1642) was the first scientist to invent the telescope and view the earth. He determined that there were stars and high mountains in the moon. Isaac Newton (1642-1727) was very important because he invented calculus, which mathematically proves science. He was also the creator of the law of universal gravitation. He was a very religious man who believed that nature was great and that it was our own ignorance of not knowing enough about nature.

Rational science, then by whose methods alone the phenomena of nature may be rightly understood and by whose application alone may be controlled, is the creation of the 17th and 18th centuries. Astronomy was the most systematic of the sciences studied during this time. Matter (solid), liquid, gaseous), with heat added as a material element, took on a new dimension. A great advance was made in practical optics with the invention of spectacles. Natural history and scientific biology
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