The Implementation Of The Aba Process

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There are many different terms that are used when implementing the ABA process. One of them is task analysis which means to analyze a task into component parts so that those parts can be taught through the use of chaining. Chaining is a skill to be learned that is broken down into small units for easy learning. These skills will be skills that are written in the child’s behavior plan and IEP as skills that the child needs to improve on. They will start out with a very basic part of the skill and build up until the skill is able to be completed independently by the child. For example, a child that needs to learn how to brush his teeth will start by learning how to open the toothpaste cap, then would move on to squeezing the tube, and so on until he is able to brush his teeth himself. This process may be a slow one depending on how fast the child is able to catch on to the components of the activity. It is important that the skills are practiced consistently. Another important step of ABA therapy is Discrete Trial Training (DTT). Cosgrove (2014) defines “discrete trial training (DTT) is a method of teaching in simplified and structured steps instead of teaching an entire skill in one go, the skill is broken down and “built-up using discrete trials that teach each step one at a time” (p. 1). Each teaching attempt is called a trial and data is taken on how effective the student does with what is asked. This is similar to chaining but is usually used more for learning
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