The Importance Of A Constitutional Amendment

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A constitutional amendment was necessary for revival of the line separating slave from free states because the Supreme Court had struck down the Missouri Compromise in the Dred Scott decision .
Lincoln, awaiting inauguration, expressed willingness to support compensation and allow slavery to continue where it already existed, but he would not sanction extension of the institution. Keeping the territories free from slavery was the backbone of the Republican Party; to have capitulated on that point would have forced him to enter office without a united party behind him. The Crittenden proposal died in committee.

In February 1861, another effort dedicated to achieving a compromise solution took place. Former president John Tyler presided over
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