The Importance Of A Leader And The Process Of A Leadership

1928 WordsDec 18, 20168 Pages
As Northouse (2013) mentions, there are phrases as ‘he was born to be a leader’ or ‘she is a natural leader’ which suggest that people tend to think good leaders are born and not made. Can people learn how to be a leader, or they are born to be a leader? This question possessed the minds of many researchers for many years, and often asked by the top managers. Long-term studies did not give a satisfactory answer; however, teachers of management tend to believe that most of the leadership skills can be developed by people themselves. Although, it is needed to have the appropriate personality traits from the beginning. There are a lot of various leadership theories which may help to understand the characteristics of a leader and the process of a leadership. Fiedler and Garcla (1987) stated that leader is defined as a person who is “appointed, elected, or informally chosen to direct and co-ordinate the work of others in a group”. According to trait theories, effective leaders share a number of common characteristics or ‘traits’. The first studies have tried to identify the qualities that distinguish the great leaders in the history of the masses. Researchers believe that the leaders had some unique set of stable traits, which do not change as time pass. For this reason, scientists have tried to define leadership qualities, learn to measure and use them to identify the leaders. This approach is based on the belief that leaders are born, not made. For example, Smith and Foti
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