The Importance Of Clinical Psychology Within The Correctional Setting

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Application to Positive Psychology Importance of Clinical Psychology in the Correctional Setting The main goal of psychologists in prisons is to reduce recidivism of offenders, which not only prevents the inmate from repeated incarceration, but it also protects society from further harm by the individual. In the best-case scenario, the interaction between therapy and the law will lead to a rehabilitation of the offender, help her change her maladaptive behavior, and give her the tools to deal with problems in the future. However, women experience many barriers after being released, such as being treated as outcasts, an inability to find employment, being judged for their criminal behavior, and experiencing shame (Dodge & Pogrebin, 2001). This shame is exacerbated for women because of the social definitions of what it means to be a woman, mother, and citizen. The stigma these women experience can potentially lead to further criminal acts. In addition, inadequate treatment has implications not just for incarcerated women in general, but specifically for those who experienced early childhood trauma and those of diverse backgrounds. Incarcerated Women do not Receive Adequate Treatment Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is used in many settings, especially with substance abusers, because it addresses behavioral and cognitive perspectives, but it has been found to be less effective in women because it focuses on affect and often neglects early childhood experiences of trauma
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