The Importance Of Contemporary Urban Life

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1. Introduction

Contemporary urban life generates numerous physical illnesses and chronic stress that lead to disease and cancer. Residents who live in large cities (e.g., New York, Tokyo, London, and Seoul) are likely to experience such physical stresses that decrease individual subjective well-being (White, et al., 2013; Lewis and Booth, 1994). Scholars have emphasized that urban parks, green spaces, and recreational places are important for providing residents with physical and emotional benefits in a variety of ways (Grahn and Stigsdotter, 2010). Particularly, people can relieve mental fatigue in urban green spaces, which serve as a resource for physical activities as well as relaxation and restoration. In addition, much empirical evidence supports the idea that natural amenities (e.g., urban parks, forests, and green belts) in an urban area contribute to the quality of life of urban dwellers. For example, natural amenities not only function as important environmental services such as purifying air and water, filtering noise and wind, and stabilizing microclimate in urban contexts, but also provide social and psychological services that improve residents’ subjective well-being (Chiesura, 2004). Urban parks also offer opportunities for contact with other people, which enhances social engagement and cohesion of those who live alone or are isolated (Pfeiffer and Cloutier, 2016).

However, less scientific attention has been paid to the effects of urban parks on the
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