The Importance Of Desegregation In The Civil Rights Movement

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Throughout the duration of the Civil Rights Movement, blacks and whites demonstrated extreme vigilance and determination in regards to their particular fight. Specifically, the desegregation of schools across the nation brought about much turmoil with an intense white resistance and a persistent black initiative. The massive white resistance to desegregation resulted from the inherent need to protect southern culture and heritage, while also fighting for states rights: a battle that has roots seeded in the civil war. In contrast, the black initiatives to combat desegregation stemmed from a desire to obtain a quality education: an education withheld from them through the use of segregation. (“Fighting Back”). While whites desperately resisted integration, blacks eagerly fought for their place in the education system. Before the ruling of Brown v. Board of Education, the education system functioned on the notion of separate-but-equal. This idea, established by the 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson ruling, created a fallacy that children of different races could learn at equal levels while segregated (Hine). However, the “doctrine of ‘separate but equal’ has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal” (NAACP, 82). Not only were such facilities unequal, but they also had a “detrimental effect upon the colored children” (U.S Supreme Court 72). Colored children believed that white was the preferred skin color of society. This fact, established through research and
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