The Importance Of Early Vocabulary For Literacy Achievement

953 WordsNov 20, 20164 Pages
This paper is a review of the article entitled, “The Importance of Early Vocabulary for Literacy Achievement in High Poverty Schools.” The article was co-written by Lowry Hemphill of Wheelock College and Terrence Tivnan of the Harvard Graduate School of Education. The article was published by the Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk in 2008. The author’s objective was to gather data supporting the correlation between early literacy vocabulary skills and literacy achievement in students raised in low socioeconomic situations. The purpose of the study was to explore, “the contributions of both early meaning-related and code-related skills to low-income children’s literacy achievement across Grades 1-3” (Hemphill & Tivnan, 2008). Prior to this study, Boston, a large urban school district, implemented several reforms to help improve early literacy instruction. This allowed researchers to examine the impact of the students’ early skill level combined with the instructional reforms on the determination of achievement in literacy. The participants were volunteers from 16 elementary schools from across the Boston district. Approximately 95% of the parents in the schools gave permission for their student to participate in this study that followed the participants’ literacy progress from the beginning of 1st grade through the end of third grade. On average 80-90 percent of the student population in the 16 participating schools were eligible for free or reduced lunch. These
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