The Importance Of Engineering And Administrative Controls

1513 Words Jun 18th, 2015 7 Pages
Risk is defined by the EPA as “the chance of harmful effects to human health or to ecological systems resulting from exposure to an environmental stressor” (EPA, 2012). The scenario provides us with some basic information about the employee’s tasks. The first is to replenish various engine and mechanical fluids, in order to do this he has to work with substances such as petrochemicals, organic vapors, engine oil, solvents and other decomposition products than can pose a health risk overtime. This is why it is important to make sure that engineering and administrative controls are in place. As well it is necessary to make sure that the employee is educated about safe work practices and precautions and good hygienic practices.
ENGINE OIL
Engine oil is petroleum based chemical compound, it is composed of hydrocarbons, polyalphaolefins and polyinternal olefins some of them may be comprised of esters as well. Some of the hazardous breakdown products are carbon monoxide, aldehydes, and hydrogen sulfide and alkyl mercaptans among others. It can cause irritation to skin and eyes if they come in contact with these, a continued exposure to of the skin and eyes to engine oil can have more serious effects such as the inflammation of eyelid membrane and for skin it can cause cracking, dryness, redness and swelling. The employee’s skin can easily come in contacts with his skin during the changing and replenishing of engine oil, especially if no personal protective equipment is used.…
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