The Importance Of Football In The World

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By the second half of the Nineteenth Century, the first club and sports federation was established ("football history", 2013). The enthusiasm for football was quickly contagious from Great Britain to other countries, thanks to the population and urbanization process resulted from the Industrial Revolution (Spampinato, 2004). There was an urgent need to build a facility could welcome a high number of spectators and fans (Santo, & Mildner, 2010), formed the awareness of sports importance to individuals and community, to produce a new age of stadia at five sequential steps of progression.
2-2-1 First-step stadia 1872-1950 (Hosting): The main purpose of stadium’s design was hosting spectators as possible as it could be, in an age when sports
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In order to deal with this issue, as well as stadia were equipped to welcome television broadcasting systems; stadia were equipped with facilities to attract a wide range of fans (Spampinato, 2004). Seats had better view angles, stands became roofed, and a higher number of toilet facilities, and beverage outlets in the stands were provided. That was the start of the concept of fan zones (Fig.8), especially by 1970's, when the market saw the appearance of the specialized and dedicated sports architecture practice (Santo, & Mildner, 2010), which produced new image of fans facilities with amenities (greater revenue, more luxury suites, and higher quality finishes) (Fig.9). Moreover, there were artificial lighting installations to ensure night broadcasting. A common element of that age, the stadia concept was an introverted element in the city, although their inner facilities were a comfortable inside yet anonymous outside, missing both indoor and outdoor safety (Spampinato, 2004).

2-2-3 Third-step stadia 1990-1995 (commerce): At the end of The Eighties, more fans resulted in more accidents and violent situations (Belden, 2012), in 1990 there were new safety measurements to be adopted in the UK stadia, followed by many nations later. At this step; the stadium was larger, safer, and had more permanent spaces for different activities (Spampinato, 2004). Consequently, these facilities were
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