The Importance Of Hierarchy And Equality In Religion

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What do hierarchy and equality mean to those studying both religion and philosophy around the world? And how are those definitions used to interpret religious and philosophical texts from various time periods? Hierarchy is typically defined for most purposes as a system of rankings in which some individuals are valued over others. On the other hand, equality is most often defined as having equal and fair status between all involved. Tracing the ideas of hierarchy and equality through religions and philosophies provides scholars with a glimpse into their ideas and mindsets. Sermon on the Mount is a Christian document found in the New Testament that has been studied for numerous reasons by theologists, including the concern of hierarchy and equality in early Christianity. Its strict salvation-based doctrine can be compared to Apology, a speech given by Socrates and recorded by Plato. Socrates’ formidable remarks contain clues that help the world to understand how life and society was organized during such a time period. Both of the previously mentioned texts can also be juxtaposed against excerpts pertaining to Sufism, or Islamic mysticism, such as select poems from Rabia al Basri, and The Teachings of Sufism by Carl Ernst. While Sermon on the Mount provides an outlook from the Christian viewpoint, and Apology from the Socratic viewpoint, the excerpts of Sufism provide a Muslim perspective. It is important to study hierarchy and equality from as many stances as
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