The Importance Of Income Inequality In The United States

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In the past few years, income inequality in the United States has become a familiar theme of national debates, especially during times of presidential elections. Bernie Sanders advocated for a raise in minimum wage, while Ted Cruz offered a national flat tax plan. Hilary Clinton called for a tax raise for the wealthy and an increase in the minimum wage, while Donald Trump planned out a comprehensive tax reform plan including lower tax rates for the US workforce on his campaign site. All of the candidates, running or eliminated, have addressed the topic to various extent; yet only a few focused on how income inequality directly affects the general physical and mental health of the labor force, which may eventually result in economic and social…show more content…
While some studies opted for controlled poverty and income marginal to evaluate the influence of income inequality on health, some others approached the question with other methods, generating mixed results. Still, some of the more convincing researches propose that income inequality has a direct relationship with increased incidence of suicide, lower life expectancy, cardiovascular diseases, poor mentality, and even obesity to some extent. Specifically speaking, whereas higher levels of job insecurity and/or job strain associate with increased numbers of mortality, poor working conditions and long work hours associate with cardiovascular diseases. (Rones et. al, 1997) In fact, job strain acted as a predictor of future heart attacks for those returning to work after their first heart attack. (Theorell, Perski, Orth-Gomer, Hamsten, and de Faire, 1991) Furthermore, studies have proven that irregular and long working hours associate with acute myocardial infarctions, as well as symptoms of psychological disorders, which tend to lead to obesity or malnutrition. (Fernandez, Su, Winters, and Liang, 2010) While lacking of precision due to the complexity of income inequality, these studies have proven the inevitable relation between increased income disparity with heightened job strain and worsened health…show more content…
(2014) Inequality for all. Retrieved September 16,2016, from Krugman, P. (2014). Why We’re in a New Gilded Age by Paul Krugman | The New York Review of Books. Retrieved September 17, 2016, from Landsbergis, P. A. (2003). The Changing Organization of Work and the Safety and Health: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Retrieved September 17, 2016, from Rones, P. L., Ilg, R. E., & Gardner, J. M. (1997, April). Trends in Hours of Work Since the Mid-1970s. Retrieved September 16, 2016, from Theorell, T., Perski, A., Oth-Gomer, K., Hamsten, A., & de Faire, U. (1991). The effects of the strain of returning to work on the risk of cardiac death after a first myocardial infarction before the age of 45. Retrieved September 16, 2016, from
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