The Importance Of Informed Consent In Healthcare

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In healthcare, it is important to establish an informed consent. Informed consent is a process by which a client or client legal representative and the healthcare provider engage in a discussion about a course of medical treatment. It includes the risk of treatment, benefit, possible harm and consequences as well as alternatives provided by the healthcare practitioner or physicians in an understandable manner (Blais, K. & Hayes, J. S., 2016, p.85). Informed consent takes into consideration the safety of the patient. It allows the patients to ask questions about the procedures and discuss any concerns; by doing so can help improve patient outcomes and prevent medical errors.
According to the Florida Statutes (2017), section 766.103, titled “Florida Medical Consent Law, “a consent is evidenced in writing that the patient or authorized personnel meet the requirements of being mentally and physically competent.” In Florida, informed consent law consists of 3 elements: 1)The action in which the physician obtained the consent from the patient or another person authorized to give consent was in accordance with an accepted standard of medical practice among members of the medical profession with similar experience; and 2) a reasonable individual, from the information provided by the physician, under the circumstances would have a general understanding of the procedure, the medically acceptable alternative procedures or treatments, and the substantial risks and hazards inherent in the proposed treatment or 3) the patient would reasonably, under all the surrounding circumstances, have undergone such treatment or procedure had he or she been advised by the physician, in accordance with the provisions of paragraph(1) (Florida Statutes, 2017). Informed consent has taken place when all three elements have been considered.
Conventionally, minors do not have the legal right to consent to treatment. According to the Florida Statutes (2017) section 731.201, a minor is an individual “under the age of 18 years whose disabilities have not been moved by marriage or otherwise.” In Florida, individuals that have authority to give consent for a minor includes a natural or adoptive parent or a legal guardian. The Florida Statutes
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