The Importance Of Mexican Migration To The United States

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Approximately one million Mexicans migrated to the United States during 1900 and 1920 according to the historian Rodolfo F. Acuna whose book, “Occupied America: A History of Chicanos,” this essay conceptualizes its thesis. By 1920, Mexicans accounted for more than 10 percent of all immigrants in the United States. In 1800 census the Mexican population in Texas was 43,000, in contrast, the 1900 census placed the number at approximately 165,000. Interestingly, the number of Mexicans, both American-born, and immigrants, were more than the Euro-American population in some counties, for example, they comprised 55.5 percent in El Paso County (Acuna 77). The high number of Mexican immigrants to the United States was a combination of pull and push events. After the 1910 Revolution, economic happenings in Mexico stirred the immigration to the United States. Push factors which further accelerated immigration arose from the limited economic prospects after the revolution. Before 1900, events such as the Railroad networks in 1880, the racist…show more content…
One of the pull factors was the spread of cotton and commercial agriculture, which were the result of modernized farming in Texas increasing productivity. Large tracts of Land were put up for production, and by 1900, the number of farms was 340,000 (Acuna 80). Consequently, the demand for Mexican labor, who could work for long hours and at low wages, increased. Additionally, the Southern Pacific Railway, California’s largest employer, established an employment agency due to the presence of agricultural empires. In the early 1900s, agriculture had become intensive, and California was becoming a major exporter of grains, fruits, and vegetables. Fruit production quadrupled, and this led to a further labor demand. The agricultural revolution in the Border States forced the capitalists to turn to Mexico for
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