The Importance Of Neoclassical Architecture In Europe

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“The Renaissance is studded by the name of the artists and architects, with their creations recorded as great historical events” - Arthur Erickson, global architect and master planner.

Throughout the rebirth of Europe, well-known artists and architects with their inventions, documented as great historical events, have benefit the lives we live today. During the Renaissance period in the late 14th century, many cultural and scientific advances were created to improve the development of Europe. This ensured that it could help the population with new and inventive resources, information and facilities. Many aspects of learning and teaching innovatively advanced to help the management of Europe. A cultural advance that was progressed
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Proportion was the main element that differentiated the Medieval architecture style from the style of the Renaissance. Architects applied numerous humanist principles to their buildings and structures. Evidence of the architectural progress during the Renaissance is Filippo Brunelleschi’s famous dome at the Santa Maria del Fiore cathedral in Florence, Italy. The eight-sided dome was an overall achievement of engineering and took him over 16 years to complete. Filippo Brunelleschi’s interest in the Pantheon, a temple of Roman architecture commissioned by Marcus Agrippa, inspired Brunelleschi to study the engineering of it. This essential information, collected and learned by Brunelleschi, was used effectively when assembling the dome. The structure itself was approximately 44 metres across and it weighed 37 thousand tonnes. As well as the dome, Filippo Brunelleschi invented machines to help him during the building process, and he significantly designed the first reverse gear machine. Not only was this an incredible and well-known construction by Brunelleschi, but it is evident that he applied several elements and practices, including shapes, columns and specifically proportion, adapted from the classical Roman culture to his own structures.

Emerging from the Medieval period, Europe became secular, meaning fewer of the population was controlled by the Catholic
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