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The Importance Of Non-Adherence To ART

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In achieving optimal results from ART, all of these dimensions of adherence are required. Non-adherence to ART may thus take various forms, such as not taking the medication at all, taking the medication at the wrong time, taking the wrong dose due to misunderstanding treatment directions, or prematurely terminating the medication without consulting the health provider (Miller, 1997). Other patterns of behaviour indicative of non-adherence include not filling prescriptions, self-adjusting the regimen to modulate side effects and toxicities, and incorrectly understanding the doctor’s instructions (Chesney, 2003). Measurement of ART adherence is often problematic as patients may overestimate their adherence due to recall bias, the demand characteristics

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