The Importance Of Phonological Awareness Development On Preschool Children

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The Importance of Phonological Awareness Development in Preschool Children John Kimball University of Mississippi Introduction Phonemes, which are the individual units of sound, such as /b/, /p/ or /m/, are considered to be the building blocks of language development. The individual phonemes are the first sounds we utter as infants. The babblings of infants comprise of all the phonemes contained in their language. As an infant develops into a toddler, the phonemes come together to form the first words, and eventually these words group together to form sentences. The developments from infancy to the time that these children begin preschool or become preschool age are the beginnings of speech communication. A child must learn the rules of phonology before they can begin to learn to read. Phonology is the study of the unconscious rules governing speech-sound production (Adams, Foorman, Lundberg, and Beeler, 1998). This is one of the first topics that teachers begin instructing upon in preschool. Children begin to learn the alphabet and start to associate the sounds with their corresponding letter. This instruction from teacher begins the development of each individual child’s phonological awareness. Phonological awareness has been shown to be one of the most reliable predictors and associates of reading ability (Mann, Foy, 2003). Children quickly develop an awareness of phonemes and can learn to attend to and manipulate these speech sounds in a
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