The Importance Of Prosocial Behavior

732 Words3 Pages
This was an academic year long study with nine hundred eighty students, who ranged from third grade to fifth grade. The adolescent stage is marked by the emphases on relationships with peers and identifying the different social groups. However, researchers targeted middle childhood children as this stage is the beginning of social categorizing and the dual-component model of social competence that has lasting effects for the youngster. This model consists of “…(a) the goal of developing relationships, prosocial behavior, and preference and (b) the goal of demonstrating status, aggressive behavior, and popularity” (pg. 1139). The participants were measured on their responses based on social goals, behaviors and social status. An individual can be liked, but not necessarily popular and vice versa. The teachers aggressive or prosocial behavior also effected the students answers and form of socialization. A child’s goals influence their social behavior and status. If their goal is to become more popular, they may display aggressive behavior to achieve it. In questioning second grade and fourth grade students in New York City, the researchers suggest that middle childhood is the period for ethnic identity development. Researchers selected racially diverse students which consisted of Black, Chinese, Dominican, Russian and White students. They were asked a series of questions on what it means to be their ethnicity and correlating factors that can play a role due to their ethnicity.
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