The Importance Of Protecting The Groundwater?

1209 Words5 Pages
The Importance of to Protect the Groundwater Introduction: Water is one of the major responsible to allow the development of a region, without available sources of water is practically impossible the development and maintenance of a society. Water is necessary for animals and humans to keep their body functions working, in the industry to manufacturing products, and in agriculture for plants growth. The quantity of water present in the Earth is enough to cover all of these demands. However, factors like unequal distribution of the hydric resources on the planet, increase of population, economic growth, contamination of water bodies, and climate changes, are contributing for that many places around the world suffer from the shortage of…show more content…
Groundwater presents rates of percolation that are variable with the climate of the region “for temperate, humid climates, about 50% of the precipitation ends up in the groundwater. For Mediterranean type climates, it is more like 10 ± 20%, and for dry climates, it can be as little as 1% or even less (Bouwer, 1989; Tyler et al., 1996 cited by Bower, 2000 gw 11). Bower (2000. Gw 11) points that these natural recharge rates give an idea of the sustainable quantities of water that can be pumped from the aquifers without causing the depletion of the groundwater resources. In addition, groundwater is the natural responsible to feed springs and wells. Besides perform this natural cycle, groundwater has another important function, according DEMİROĞLU (2014 gw 3), subsurface water is the major source of drinking water in the planet. In the recent years is common that countries that suffer from chronic water shortage are increasingly the use of groundwater to cover its demand (Struckemeir et al, 2005 gw 3). However, the increasing on the water demand and consequently raise of water pumping from aquifers, in conjunction with the mismanagement of the hydric resources are contributing to the depletion of groundwater sources, mainly in arid and semi-arid regions where the groundwater is the main water source (Bower, 2000 gw 11;Sheng, 2004 gw 9). In
Open Document