The Importance Of Realism And Constructivism

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As the world continues to grow connections among its states, constructivism gains credibility as the most fitting theory to describe international relations and world politics. Realism and liberalism, in their polarizing thoughts, cannot account for the several existing realms of ideas in the modern world. A changing world can best be attributed to a theory such a constructivism, which explores the evolution of human thought in the context of global politics.

Realism by its own definition refers to a theory that analyzes the relations among states, highlighting human nature as a major factor in politics. Motivations for global outreach, relationships, and conflicts are described as consequences from human aspects, such as fear, the desire to seek wealth, et cetera. Pessimism permeates the core of realism. Realists argue that power must be sought out in order for states to exist as thriving groups, even if it means to participate in conflicts (Baylis et al., 2017, 102). States are seen as the primary actors to focus upon when analyzing international relations (Houghton, 2007, 25). This broad approach brings heavy focus upon the issues which regard global peace and war and how major powers interact and maintain relations, assigning less focus at the individual level of analysis.

As a train of thought focused on self-interest, morality under the scope of realism tends to be overlooked and criticized. Intergovernmental organizations, such as the United Nations, have come
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