The Importance Of Responsible Nutrient Management to the Future of Agriculture

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Microorganisms Although they are small microorganisms have a humungous impact in the structure of soil and plant formation. Microorganisms, which include many different fungi, bacteria, and actinomycetes, are considered the architects of the soil as they have the ability to create a strong ecosystem in the soil. Microorganisms work best in communities to develop the structures for plants. For microorganisms to thrive there has to be a diverse amount of nutrients in the soil for them to feed off of. Schulz (2013) explains, “soil aggregation is of upmost importance in controlling microbial structures and functions and plant life” (pg. 1873). Microorganisms live off of different nutrients in the soil and once they digest the different…show more content…
Microorganisms support the soil and the plants ability to grow but are only utilized with responsible nutrient management. If microorganisms are destroyed, crops will produce less yields and the soil will not be as beneficial. Since microorganisms are so complex, to find out how to restore them to normal would be a problematic task. Once microorganism in the soil are better understood, farmers will have a better ability to manage the nutrients in the soil so nutrients can be added that support the microorganisms. Soil Organic Carbon One of the major benefits agriculture can give is to buff the air of carbon, which is caused by CO2 emissions. Soil has a great ability to retain carbon, which would help sequester CO2 from the air and store it in the soil. Plants need CO2 in order to go through the process of photosynthesis so through photosynthesis carbon is pulled from the atmosphere and put into the soil. No till is more beneficial to store carbon, nitrogen and organic matter in the soil because since the soil is not turned over, the organic important nutrients are not lost to aeration. Olson et al. states “plowing was the primary cause of SOC oxidization and emission of CO2 to the atmosphere” (pg. 350). Soil organic carbon (SOC) plays an important role in crop growth and efficiency, so when the soil is turned over, a negative affect occurs which allows the carbon back into the atmosphere. The soil has more ability to hold

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