The Importance Of Street Lights

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VILLANUEVA, Felizsa Lynne V. ` BA Political Science 2014 – 44604 Political Science 197 Review of Literature Improved traffic safety for pedestrians and cyclists is an important goal of public health policies in countries throughout the world. The World Health Organization (WHO) has identified traffic injuries and fatalities as among the world’s 5 most important causes of unnatural death, with predictions that they will become the leading cause by 2030. As of 2015, they were already the leading cause of unnatural death among persons in the group aged 15 to 29 years. One proper measure to prevent road accidents that have successfully reduced the numbers in some countries is the street lights. A street light or street lamp is a…show more content…
Proper use of street lighting can be considered as a protective method which provides economic and social benefits to the people. Surveys have shown that the public are in favour of street lighting as a way of improving road safety and that, if anything, it needs to be improved in some areas. In some locations, a reduction in lighting quality may not increase the risk of an accident. However, there is the danger that an unconsidered removal or reduction in quality could actually increase accidents and their severity. Therefore, rates should be monitored to ensure that sacrificing the quality of lighting does not unduly increase the risk. Increases in risk may ultimately lead to lives being lost. A literature review of studies relating the presence of lighting to accident reduction concluded that “On urban main roads, with mainly a traffic function, a reduction in accidents involving injuries of approximately 30% can be expected at night following an improvement in the lighting from very bad to good” A Japanese report that looked at the reduction in accidents at junctions, following the provision of lighting, found that there was a 43% reduction in night-time accidents. It also found that the effectiveness of lighting in preventing accidents depended on its illuminance, and that the brighter the lighting, the better it is at preventing accidents. However it did not define an upper limit to brightness beyond which further brightening would have no, or
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