The Importance Of The American Dream In The Great Gatsby

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Fitzgerald conveys the idea that, even though in the 1920’s many individuals arose in the “newly rich” class that seeked the American Dream, the “old wealth” class still did not accept them, as shown through James Gatz’s aspiration to live out his idea of Jay Gatsby and his failure to achieve Daisy. In the 1920’s, the view that everyone has equal opportunity to achieve success and join the upper class- the American Dream- arose as a common belief among Americans, portrayed through James Gatz’ pursuit of living out the life of Jay Gatsby. When the truth about Gatsby’s past is revealed, Nick describes the emergence of Jay Gatsby from James Gatz as, “The truth was that Jay Gatsby of West Egg, Long Island, sprang from his platonic conception of himself” (Fitzgerald 98). Fitzgerald uses the allusion to the philosopher Plato’s theory- every object has an ideal and perfect iteration- to show that Gatsby believed, even though he came from a poor family, he could truly live out the American Dream and that social mobility in the 1920’s was completely accessible. Despite many obstacles standing between James Gatz and Jay Gatsby, he remains money driven to continue the pursuit of his ideal, perfect version of himself and ultimately get the girl of his dreams- representing him achieving a successful life as Jay Gatsby. Fitzgerald uses Gatsby’s attempt to be reborn to represent the view of the American Dream by millions of working class americans and millions of foreigners
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