The Importance Of The House Of Lords Considering Its Benefits And Harms

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Having a unicameral UK government has always been a consideration. However, attempts to reform it or remove it, has become a controversial topic. Some critics believe that the removal of a bicameral government will be expensive, give the government too much power and reduce representation. Others consider the abolition of it to be more democratic and cheaper as it takes less time. This essay will discuss the requirement of the House of Lords considering its benefits and harms. It will also acknowledge its impacts on Westminster and Scottish Parliament, the power of the parliament and the legislative process of constitutional reform.

(i) relative functions of “Second Chamber” in the UK Parliament and “unicameral Scotland”-

The UK Parliament is bicameral. It has two separate chambers; the House of Lords (upper house) and the House of Commons (lower house). The House of Lords is an unelected chamber totaling up to 790 members. Life peers are the majority members . It shares the same functions as the House of Commons. Criticized due to similarities. Each house has five stages in the pre-legislative process. Both review and amend proposed legislature and challenging the government. The House of Lords’ powers only goes so far regarding amending bills. The house has no authority to amend government enactments relating to finance. It was introduced by the Parliament Act 1911 after wealthy members refused to pass the ‘People’s Budget’ which would raise their taxes .
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