The Importance Of The Neolithic Revolution

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The Neolithic Revolution was an event that began in 10,000 BCE and lasted for thousands of years. Throughout this time period, ancestral humans were transitioning from a hunter-gather way of life to a society in which agriculture was prominent. While geography and plant domestication were crucial, local animal types were less pivotal, yet still important to the Neolithic Revolution. To begin, geography was critical to the Neolithic Revolution. First, it is shown in a chart from Jared Diamond’s Guns, Germs, and Steel, that the domestication of plants and animals was heavily reliant on the civilization’s geographic location. For instance, Southwest Asians were began domestication in 8000 B.C.E, while civilizations in the eastern United States didn’t begin to domesticize until 2500 B.C.E. People from the United States began to domesticize fifty-five thousand years after the Southwest Asians because of their lack of resources. Asia’s geography provided plants and animals that were more than ready to be domesticated; therefore, without geographic advantages, domestication takes a much longer time to begin. Additionally, an excerpt from D. B. Grigg’s The Agricultural Systems of the World provides further evidence that plant and animal domestication occurs much later without geographic advantages by finding that the domestication of cereal and animals first began in “a broad region stretching from Greece and Crete in the west to the foothills of the Hindu Kush south of the

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