The Importance Of Torture In The Universal Declaration Of Human Rights

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“The question is not, ‘Can they reason?’, nor ‘Can they talk?’ but, ‘Can they suffer?’ Why should the law refuse its protection to any sensitive being?” was a statement made by Jeremy Bentham from his book “Introduction to the Principles of Moral and Legislation”. In response to animals suffering, many will excuse the pain by explaining that animals cannot feel pain or live in reason as a human does. As a response, many activists have proven animals can feel pain and emotions as they react in situations, but they are not able to communicate it into words. A counter argument for this would be that an infant can experience emotions and pain as well, but they also suffer quietly as if they are an animal, too. However, an infant suffering does not go unnoticed as it does with an animal. Why is a human’s life more valued than an animal? The answer is simple: humans are protected by rights while a non-human animal is not. In fifth article of the Universal Declaration of Humans Right, it is declared that, "No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment." What is considered torture in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights though? Torture is defined as “practices that are intense enough, prolonged in duration, or combined with other measures that result in severe pain or suffering.” This specific right is recognized in America, especially through the courts. Yet, this same right does not apply to animals that suffer from torture.
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