Essay about The Importance of Attachment for the Children's Development

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Attachment theory is the idea that a child needs to form a close relationship with at least one primary caregiver. The theory proved that attachment is necessary to ensure successful social and emotional development in an infant. It is critical for this to occur in the child’s early infant years. However, failed to prove that this nurturing can only be given by a mother (Birns, 1999, p. 13). Many aspects of this theory grew out of psychoanalyst, John Bowlby’s research. There are several other factors that needed to be taken into account before the social worker reached a conclusion; such as issues surrounding poverty, social class and temperament. These factors, as well as an explanation of insecure attachment will be further explored in…show more content…
This type of attachment is relatively uncommon, found in only 10% of children (Golde, 2014). High levels of distress upon separation often signify that the bond between an adult and infant is lacking in certain areas. The mother is seen by the social worker to be failing to respond to the toddler’s needs; resulting in the toddler becoming highly distressed. Through this view, it is evident that the social worker had good reason to question the toddler’s attachment with his mother. However, there are several other factors outside of the mother’s control that could be influencing the toddler’s development that needs to be considered.

Firstly, issues surrounding poverty and social class. A study conducted by Everett Waters in 1978 found that out of the 50 middle-class children that were observed, 48 maintained their attachment from 12 to 18 months (Birns, 1999, p. 14). A further study conducted by Vaughn et al in 1979 using the ‘Strange Situation’ method and questionnaires. Found that through the 100 under-privileged mothers and infants surveyed, the change of attachment classification was directly linked to the mothers’ stress; the extent of the stress experienced by the mother’s impacted on the infant’s attachment (Birns, 1999, p. 15). Along the same lines, studies conducted by AECOM found that disadvantaged children over the ages of 3 had significantly lower scores, compared to the scores of middle-class children (Birns, 1999, p.
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