The Importance of Immunization in Nigeria

2171 WordsFeb 19, 20189 Pages
Immunization is one of the most successful, cost-effective public health prevention strategies averting an estimated 2-3 million global deaths annually (UNICEF 2013). Although immunization is safe and easily accessible, global under-five mortality due to vaccine-preventable diseases remains unacceptably high. It has been shown that children who receive all appropriate vaccinations by 9 months of age are less likely to die than those who do not. (Rutherford et al. 2009). Vaccine-preventable deaths account for 29% of deaths worldwide in children under five, and in 2011, 1.5 million children died from vaccine-preventable diseases. (UNICEF 2013). In Nigeria, vaccine-preventable deaths account for 22% of deaths in children, or 200,000 deaths per year (USAID 2009). Immunization has led to the eradication of small-pox and also to the elimination of polio in most countries, with polio being endemic in Nigeria, Pakistan and Afghanistan (UNICEF 2013). The contributions made by immunizations are crucial to achieving MDG 4 (reduction of under-five mortality by two-thirds in 2015). BACKGROUND Modern Nigeria was formed in 1914 when the British amalgamated the Northern and Southern Protectorates. Nigeria is in West Africa, located between longitudes 3 and 14 degrees, and latitudes 4 and 14 degrees.(Nigeria High Commission, London, UK 2014) .It shares borders with the Republics of Niger and Tchad (North), Republic of Benin (West), Cameroon (East) and the Atlantic Ocean (South). It has
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