The Importance of Program Evaluation and Three Evaluation Models

1606 WordsJul 13, 20187 Pages
Education is the process by which we learn of the past and present in order to shape the future and contributes to the over-all development of each individual (Weinstein & Fantini, 1973). As such, the educational process and programs are instrumental for changing the world. Parkay & Hass (2000), defines curriculum as all the experiences that individual learners have in a programme of education whose purpose is to achieve broad goals and related specific objects, which is planned in terms of a framework of theory, or past and present professional practise. Today, it is the responsibility of educational institutions to teach an infinite variety of human beings, differing in interests, abilities and experiences. Technical Vocational…show more content…
Finally, it uses instruments to obtain information that would inform changes to the curriculum. This is aligned to vocational education as occupations are constantly changing and evolving this feedback is of paramount importance. CIPP Model CIPP model was originated by Daniel Stufflebeam and Egon Guba. CIPP is an acronym representing the four types of evaluation identified by this model namely, context evaluation, input evaluation, process evaluation and product evaluation. According to Stufflebeam, evaluation is the process of delineating, obtaining and providing useful information for judging decision alternatives. ‘Delineating’ refers to focusing of informative requirements needed by decision-maker through such operations as specifying, defining and explicating. ‘Obtaining’ implies collection, organization and analysis of information using such technical procedures as measurement and statistics. ‘Providing’ refers to synthesizing of information so that it will be optimally useful for the purpose of evaluation. ‘Delineating’ and ‘providing’ operations are carried out collaboratively between evaluator and decision-maker, whereas the obtaining of information is carried out primarily by the evaluator. The four forms of evaluation are : i) Context Evaluation The objective of this evaluation is to provide a rationale for determination of educational objectives. It leads to
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