The Importance of the Concept of Citizenship in the Development of EC Law After Maastricht

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The Importance of the Concept of Citizenship in the Development of EC Law After Maastricht

Freedom of movement for persons and the abolition of controls at internal frontiers form part of a wider concept, that of the internal market in which it is not possible for internal frontiers to exist or for individuals to be hampered in their movements.

The concept of the free movement of persons has changed in meaning since its inception. The first provisions on the subject referred merely to the free movement individuals considered as economic agents, either as employees or providers of services. The original economic concept has gradually widened to take on a more general meaning connected with the
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The rights also extend to the immediate family of the citizen regardless of whether they have citizenship or not, the transfer of citizen rights to other members of the household is automatic except for in the sphere of employment, though there are plans to make it so that partners of people with citizenship should have full entitlement. At present the only right they have is to move to the location of their spouse.

The Maastricht treaty amended the treaty of Rome and the single European Act and introduced new powers and policy areas. Major aspects of EC policies were not changed at all by the new treaty e.g. the common agricultural policy.

The treaty went into effect on 1 November 1993.The European Economic Community- renamed the 'European Community' under the Treaty of Maastricht-takes a broader approach than the other two Communities. Its goal is to promote comprehensive economic integration and these provisions apply to all workers of the members states regardless of occupation. It includes the following titles:

· Free movement of goods and workers

· The free movement of capital and payments

· Freedom of establishment and the freedom to provide services

· Competition policy,

· Economic and monetary policy,

· Agricultural policy,

· Transport policy, environmental policy,

· Research and technology and

· Industrial
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