The Important of Cities in Roman Provinces Essay

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Urbanization is defined as the “act of making urban in nature or character (Urbanization). An understanding of urbanization is central to understanding the components behind the Roman rule of Italy, and the process of bringing together different cultures. The operations, particularly of the elite, of the Roman society are essential in the understanding of urbanization as well. Cities then were not what they are today, in regards to economic assemblies. The Roman cities were as much an arena for social and political interaction, as they were for economic exchange. By studying urban development in the Roman society, we are able to get an inside perspective of the powerful insight that have changed the ideals of the Roman cities. Early…show more content…
The urban status of a city could be identified by the different public buildings, which enhanced the appearance of the city and provided the people with amenities, and the way the city related to the outside world politically. There was a definite emphasis on the structure in the city, or lack thereof, as an indicator of urban status. In the description of Panopeus, a small town in Phocis, Pausnias described what he considered essential for cities to have: an agora, a fountain house, a proper water supply, and various other amenities. Pausnias did not agree that Panopeus was a city since it did not have, what in his view were, essential amenities of a city. He had to agree that it had the status of a polis but Panopeus should merely be a village. Urbanism is not solely concerned with the physical arrangement of the city, but also by the influence of the political role in the community. The ultimate source of governmental power for the empire is located in Rome. The cities provide the framework for the empire to govern, thus a hierarchy of status is created in order to provide legal rights for the Roman people. The hierarchy contains Rome at the very top followed by: provincial capitals, coloniae, municipia, civitates, and finally oppida at the lower end. This hierarchy represents more than just the organization of power in the Roman society by implementing the class divisions that represent the Roman
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