The Impressionist Movement

2207 WordsApr 1, 20099 Pages
Keren Escoto Prof. Clayborn Western Civilization 1 April 10, 2008 The Impressionist Movement Impressionism, French Impressionnisme, is defined in the American Heritage Dictionary as “a theory or style of painting originating and developed in France during the 1870s, characterized by concentration on the immediate visual impression produced by a scene and by the use of unmixed primary colors and small strokes to simulate actual reflected light.” Impressionist painting comprises the works of art produced between about 1867 and 1886 by a group of artists that shared related techniques and approaches to art. The title ‘Impressionism’ originated from the influence of Claude Monet and his famous painting, Impression Sunrise. This movement…show more content…
In 1862 Monet became a student of Charles Gleyre in Paris and met Renoir, Bazille, and Sisley. They shared new approaches to art and painting effects that later became known as Impressionism. Monet’s future wife, Camille Doncieux, was often his model for his paintings and soon after Monet painted her in On the bank of the Seine, Bennecourt, in 1868, she bore their first child. And in 1868 Monet tried to kill himself by throwing himself into the Seine due to financial reasons. When the Franco-Prussian War broke out Monet went to England and studied the works of Constable and Turner whose landscapes inspired Monet’s innovations in color. In 1872 or 1873 Monet painted his most famous work, Impression, Sunrise, that depicted a Le Havre landscape. It hung in the first Impressionist exhibition in 1874 and now it is displayed in the Musée Marmottan-Met in Paris. From the title of this painting the art critic, Louis Leroy, coined the term ‘Impressionism,’ which was intended to be insulting but the Impressionists used the term for themselves. Monet died of lung cancer in December of 1926 at the age of 86 and is buried in the Giverny church cemetery. Many of Monet’s paintings ended up in private collections as well as galleries. Many of his paintings were thrown away because he felt they weren't what he had in mind. Many paintings he painted over 2-4 times because he didn't like them. He gave them away and also used them to barter with when he was a "starving
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