The Incas And The Inca Empire

1435 WordsNov 23, 20166 Pages
There were several ancient civilizations that built their cultures around their geography. The Incas were among one of those ancient civilizations. They had amazing ingenuity to make use of their environment. The Incas built agriculture terraces and they had a complex irrigation system. And some crops that we use today. The physical environment of the Incas affected and shaped their civilization. The Incan Indians started as a small tribe in South America in pre- Columbian times. According to Lin Donn, author on the website, Inca Empire for Kids Quick History, “The Inca empire started as a small tribe who lived in the village of Cuzco, high in the Andes Mountains of South America. One day, another tribe tried to conquer them. Thanks to…show more content…
One can encounter every environmental extreme imaginable, from the intensely vertical terrain of the Andes, soaring up to altitudes of 5,000 meters (16,404 ft.) above sea level, to dry, low-lying lands along the western coast of South America. The climate zones are equally diverse, with some areas that are constantly hot and humid to others with subfreezing temperatures year round. Also within its boundaries are some of the driest places on earth- Chile’s Atacama Desert- to some of the most lush- the Amazonian rain forest to the east of the Andes- with rainy season lasting 11 months of the year. (Suarez and George 3) Within this extreme environmental variation, however, the geography of the Inca territory can be divided into three categories: the coast (costa), the mountainous region (sierra), and the eastern tropical region (selva) (Suarez and George 3). In these extreme variations of the physical climates and geography, the Incas knew how to adapt. The coastal zone of the Inca Empire, which includes present day Chile and Ecuador, was one of the longest deserts in South America and even the world. In the book titled, Lost City of The Incas, Hiram Bingham writes, “In fact, one of the greatest deserts in the world is the two-thousand-mile coastal strip extending from Chile to Ecuador.” This coastal zone was made up of a lot of desert. “The coastal zone stretches more than 2,000 kilometers (1,2343 mi.) from Ecuador to Chile, where dry, desert

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