The India And Pakistan Conflict Remains One Of The Most

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The India and Pakistan conflict remains one of the most unfaltering and unresolved conflicts of our time. Since the birth of the nation in 1947, conflict ensued over religion and territory dividing the great nation into two independent states, today known as India and Pakistan. The history of relations between the two nations follows an oscillating track between times of peace and resumptions of wars and crises. Conflict expanded to encompass a broad range of issues from terrorism to a nuclear arms race through the history of these nations. Having engaged in four wars over six decades the countries still stand divided over a multitude of issues today, leading to high tensions between the borders. Through the assistance of…show more content…
The Indian National Congress, founded in 1885, led the independence movement. At first, its goal was to gain more rights for Indians and more say in the British administration. However, as its power grew in the twentieth century, it agitated increasingly for complete independence. Mahatma Gandhi, a rising voice in the Indian National Congress, led the movement under a philosophy of satyagraha, also known as peaceful protest. Two other independence movements followed in 1930 and 1942, and due to the increasing pressure on British government during World War II, India was granted its independence in 1947 (Kaul, 2011). Now, it was the time to institutionalize a government for this newly formed nation. After being granted its independence, the newly formed nation started to face religious conflicts with Muslims on one side and Hindus and Sikhs on the other. According to the Central Intelligence Agency (2017), the new nation was comprised of approximately 20% Muslims and 78% of Hindus and Sikhs creating tension between the differing religions. This tension erupted in violence and according to an analysis created by William Dalrymple in his article The Great Divide (2015), he characterizes the shift in attitude as “communities that had coexisted for almost a millennium attacked each other in a terrifying outbreak of sectarian violence, with Hindus and Sikhs on one side and Muslims on the other—a mutual genocide as unexpected as it was unprecedented.”
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