The Indian Civil Rights Act

1577 WordsApr 30, 20177 Pages
In 1968, Congress passed the Indian Bill of Rights, otherwise known as the Indian Civil Rights Act, in order to apply restrictions and protection under the United States Constitution to Native American governments. This act induced similar Civil Rights and independence to the specified reservation citizens as those who the Federal Constitution guarantees under the State and Federal jurisdiction. (American Indian Rights Handbook 11). Many controversies arose among the Native Americans due to the popular belief that this act endangered the traditional way of Native American life. Moreover, they believed Congress could not apply these standards for the Native American government to achieve without supplying the adequate amount of money. On…show more content…
Another occurrence was the Sand Creek Massacre, which happened on November 29, 1864, resulted in the death of seventy to a hundred and sixty three Native Americans. This massacre occurred due to the discovery of gold in the Rocky Mountains of Colorado. However, the most intense and symbolic conflict among Native Americans and white settlers is the Wounded Knee Massacre on December 29, 1890. Leading up to this massacre at the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, the United States became concerned about the influence of the Ghost Dance spiritual movement. The movement led the Indians to believe the reason they were confined to reservations was because they had angered the gods from abiding to the white man’s law rather than follow their traditional customs (Brown 398). The authorities attempted to arrest the famous Sioux chief, Sitting Bull, due to the suspicion he would join in the Ghost Dance Movement. Sitting Bull was killed by the Indian agency police, stirring conflicts. Thus, on December 29, 1890, the United States Army Seventh Cavalry encircled the Lakota Sioux under the command of Chief Big Foot, demanding them to relinquish their weapons. Black Coyote who, according to Dee Brown, “was a crazy man, a young man of very bad influence and in fact a nobody” fired his gun and the United States soldiers retaliated and returned fire. The massacre had an estimated death of of “nearly three hundred of the original 350 men, women, and children” (Brown 444). A Native
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