The Indian Claims Commission And The Civil Rights Movement

Decent Essays
The Indian Claims Commission was a judicial panel for relations between the United States Federal Government and Native American tribes. It was established under the Indian Claims Act in 1946 by the United States Congress to hear claims of Indian tribes against the United States. According to Rosier (2003) the impetus to create the ICC came from three main sources. Native Americans and white political leaders had been calling for a commission separate from the backlogged U.S. Court of Claims since 1910. Assimilationists intent on "terminating" federal guardianship of Native Americans hoped to eliminate a final legal and moral hurdle by "wiping the slate clean" of Indian demands for re-dress. Finally, federal officials wanted to address Native Americans ' grievances as a reward for their contributions during World War II and to create a positive record of dealing fairly with America 's minorities in the increasingly competitive atmosphere of the Cold War. After the 1960’s civil rights movement led by African Americans, many Native Americans also pushed for more civil rights and renewed what many see as their original struggle to force the U.S. to keep its promises to native people. Today the relationship between native peoples and the rest of the U.S. remains complicated and often tense. The government still maintains agencies such as the Bureau of Indian Affairs to deal specifically with Native Americans. In 2003, the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, a bipartisan group set
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