The Industrial Revolution During Mid 19th Century

843 WordsDec 10, 20144 Pages
With the Industrial Revolution at its dawn during mid-19th century, England’s Northern towns and cities began to alter drastically as advances in science and technology were proceeding to reshape the world. Beyond just transforming the society and its culture; industry, technology, and commerce, as agents of reforming the old social order, brought an immense demand for the urbanization of towns and cities. Consequently, the cities of Northern England went through an architectural metamorphosis of great scale. The Industrial revolution had opened many doors for the development of science and industry, however; there were social consequences due to that expeditious progression as it did not necessarily influence the quality of life in a positive manner. The rapid development of cities and the growth of factories and mills gave rise to large slum populations, hence, resulting in serious concerns for the health of the society as it was towards a damaging decline. The architecture of these cities was transforming and adapting itself in order to meet the needs of urbanization and development. Buildings such as Joseph Paxton’s Crystal Palace arose from the heart of the Industrial Revolution in order to celebrate the new era of modern capitalism. Though revolutionary and iconic, many disapproved of the minimalistic designs pf such buildings as they were merely “made manifest as a total system”, as Kenneth Frampton notes it in The Crisis of 1851. During those anxious days of the
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