The Industrial Revolution

1405 Words6 Pages
The Industrial Revolution, beginning in the early 18th century, set the stage that allowed for a major turning point in history. All areas of daily life were impacted by new methods of technology and new ways of thinking. Mass production blossomed with the invention of machines and tools, textile manufacturing took off, increased road and canal building occurred, and use of many new energy sources took place (Schmidt 1930). This historical landmark in time also allowed for increased human population sizes that could be sustained through improved agricultural methods that allowed for increased crop production, and also allowed for the development of cities. Humans were able to transform and control almost every aspect of their lives and…show more content…
Humans, have transformed a range of 35% to 50% of land mostly by deforestation, to make room for industrial, agricultural, and economic reasons. Human impact on ocean ecosystems is comparable to that on terrestrial ecosystems. In 1997 60% of the human population lived near coastal waters using 8% of the ocean’s primary productivity; this percent increases to 25% in upwelling areas and 35% in temperate shelf systems. For humans living near coastal waters, 50% of water masses have been transformed by human activity. For example over fishing the top trophic levels of food webs has caused an increase of toxic algal blooms that release allelopathic chemicals that harm other organisms. Significant alterations have been made to the biogeochemical cycles by human activities, specifically nitrogen and carbon cycles. Since the onset of the Industrial Revolution humans have contributed to a significant increase in CO2 in the atmosphere and there are no signs that they will decline in the near future (CITATION). High levels of CO2 in the atmosphere could change climate and affect plant species composition. Alterations to the biogeochemical cycles have also impacted water accessibility , human alterations have depleted most fresh water reservoirs. Both lakes and rivers are being exploited for fresh water consumption, in some geographic areas rivers are no longer reaching ocean basins.
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