The Industrial Revolution of Great Britain

1107 Words Dec 12th, 2012 5 Pages
The Industrial Revolution of Great Britain

The Industrial Revolution was a period from the 18th to the 19th century where major changes in agriculture, manufacturing, mining, transport, and technology had a tremendous effect on the social economic and cultural conditions starting in the Great Britain, then subsequently spreading throughout Europe, North America, and eventually the world. Reasons The Industrial Revolution, one of the most vital periods of change in Great Britain, occurred because of the stable economic, social, and political stance of the country, as well as brought lasting effects in Britain in each of these areas. With its fast growing monopoly on ocean trade, its renewed interest in scientific discovery,
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Process The First Industrial Revolution began in the textile industry and was marked by a series of inventions. They were the Spinning Jenny, the water frame, the power loom and the steam engine. These inventions completed the mechanization of the textile industry and prepared the way for a new system of production: large scale industry. With these developments came a need for a cheap means of transportation. To meet it, entrepreneurs invested in digging canals to ship goods to market. In 1814, the steam locomotive was invented. The first railway was completed in 1825. By 1850, Great Britain had established a railroad system encompassing over 10,000 kilometers of track. Meanwhile, it had also built a large merchant fleet, which carried British-manufactured goods to all parts of the world. By the middle of the 19th century, The Industrial Revolution was accomplished in Great Britain. The First Industrial Revolution had forever changed Great Britain, and later the world. After 1871, however, Europe was experiencing tremendous material growth produced by the Second Industrial Revolution, also known as the Technological Revolution. The Second Industrial Revolution gave rise to new inventions and products, markets and larger factories, and a new leader in the competitive industry. In this period, Great Britain
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